The human evolution chart shown below provides basic information about each of the various known hominids. All the major players of human evolution are listed, together with the approximate dates when they existed and the locations where their fossils have been found. Together, their remains represent the physical evidence for evolution of humans, human ancestors, and their relations (click here to read a history of how the idea originally arose that humans evolved from apes). When available, small pictures of the various hominid skulls are shown (to see a larger view of a skull, click on it). The chart is broken into two separate sub-charts, one for the more ancient hominids, the other for the more recent ones. Click on the tabs to switch between the two.
|ANCIENT HOMINIDS||RECENT HOMINIDS|
|SCIENTIFIC NAME||AGE (mya)||LOCALITY||SKULL|
|Homo erectus >>||~2.0 - 0.4|| Africa, Java, China, Caucasus|
|Homo rudolfensis >>||~2.5 - 1.6*||Kenya|
|Australopithecus sediba >>||1.98||South Africa|
|Homo georgicus >>||~1.8||Republic of Georgia|
|Homo ergaster >>||~1.9 - 1.4||Africa (e. and s.)|
|Homo antecessor||~1.2 - 0.8||Spain||No intact skull known|
|Homo cepranensis >>||~0.9 - 0.8||Italy||No skull known|
|Homo heidelbergensis >>||~0.6 - 0.35||Europe|
|Homo neanderthalensis >>||~0.35 - 0.030||Europe, w. Asia|
|Homo rhodesiensis >>||~0.3 - 0.12||Zambia|
|Homo floresiensis >>||~0.09 - 0.013||Flores, Indonesia|
|Homo sapiens||~0.2 - present||Worldwide|
|Are we chimpanzee hybrids? Read more >>|
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829). Early evolutionary theorist. Long before Darwin, Lamarck proposed that human beings had evolved from apes.
Read more >>
Georges Cuvier (1769-1832). French naturalist and zoologist. Founder of the fields of vertebrate paleontology and comparative anatomy. One of the most prolific authors of scientific literature in the history of biology. Read more >>
Louis Agassiz (1807-1873). Swiss-born American zoologist, geologist, and paleontologist, with a special expertise in ichthyology. Founder and director of Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology, one of the most famous scientists of his day. Read more >>
Human Origins: Are we hybrids?
On the Origins of New Forms of Life
Cat-rabbit Hybrids: Fact or fiction?
Georges Cuvier: A Biography
Prothero: A Rebuttal
Branches of Biology