Meiosis Stages


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EUGENE M. MCCARTHY, PHD GENETICS Google+ Profile

Meiosis is the two-stage form of cell division that produces four haploid cells from a single diploid cell (but see the note on oogenesis below). In the process, it divides a single nucleus, containing two sets of replicated chromosomes (chromosomes composed of two sister chromatids), into four nuclei, each containing a single set of unreplicated chromosomes. These steps are the phases, or stages of meiosis.

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Prophase details >>

Diagram of meiosis >>

Overview of meiosis >>

Meiosis versus mitosis >>

Read about mitosis >>

When does meiosis occur?
Meiosis occurs only in eukaryotes. In animals, it occurs during the production of gametes. In plants, it takes place when spores are produced (plant gametes are produced by mitosis). Meiosis does not occur in prokaryotes (i.e., archaea and bacteria). They reproduce by binary fission.
Why is meiosis necessary?
Meiosis has to take place at some point in a sexual reproductive cycle because it halves the chromosome number, which compensates for the doubling of the chromosome number caused by fertilization.
Oogenesis
In the case of oogenesis, a single egg cell and three polar bodies are produced by meiosis.


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Related topics:

Prophase I >>

Metaphase I >>

Anaphase I >>

Telophase I >>

Prophase II >>

Metaphase II >>

Anaphase II >>

Telophase II >>


Related Topics:
Chromatids >>
Interphase >>
Eukaryotes >>
Interkinesis >>
Binary fission >>
Chromosomes >>
Centromeres >>
Telomeres >>
DNA >>
Histones >>
Nucleus >>
Base pairs >>
Nucleosome >>
Cell >>
Mitosis >>
Cytokinesis >>
Interkinesis >>
DNA replication >>
Microtubules >>