|Moose (Alces alces)|
Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), known also as an Elk or Wapiti in North America.|
|Note: In Europe, Cervus elaphus is referred to by the common name red deer, whereas in North America the common names are elk or wapiti. These two deer have often been treated as separate species (Cervus canadensis in the New World and Cervus elaphus in the Old World), particularly since the publication of Pitra et al. (2004), but the two have often simply been lumped under the name Cervus elaphus. Hybrids of the two are fertile in both sexes (Flower 1929a, p. 317; Gray 1971, p. 152; Howard 1965; Lantz 1910; ; Rörig 1903; Seitz 1959a; von Knottnerus-Meyer 1904; Wodzicki 1950). Likewise, Alces alces has a different name in Europe, where it's called elk, whereas in North America the common name used is moose.|
Moose (Alces alces) and elk (Cervus elaphus) come into potential breeding contact in both northern North America and northern Eurasia. A probable moose-elk hybrid, a male with mixed features, was shot in Montana in 1931. A communication appearing in vol. 20 (p. 95) of Science News Letter, and dated August 8, 1931, reads as follows:
See also: California Fish and Game, 1931, vol. 17, p. 198 (Internet Citations: CALFG); Nature, 128, 676-677 (17 October 1931).
In addition, an intermediate animal of this type is known from fossils and has been described as a species, the stag-moose (Cervalces scotti), pictured at far right. According to Wikipedia, it "was a large, moose-like deer of North America during the Pleistocene epoch. It is the only known North American member of the genus Cervalces. It was slightly
The Illinois State Museum website states that "The stag-moose or elk (scientific name Cervalces scotti) is
In 1911, sportsman Charles Hallock claimed to have seen a specimen which apparently consisted only of a rack of antlers attached to a frontal bone. From his comments, it is not entirely clear whether the rack was of ancient origin or a modern specimen, but given that he says that he saw it in a region of northwestern Minnesota (Kittson County) where elk and moose regularly come together, it was probably the latter. At any rate, he is quoted in The Pittsburgh Press - Jul 16, 1911, p. , as follows,
cervid × bovid crosses:
By the same author: Handbook of Avian Hybrids of the World, Oxford University Press (2006).
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