EUGENE M. MCCARTHY, PHD GENETICSGoogle+ Profile
If you couldn't believe your eyes when you saw the recent photo of a purported record-breaking 771-pound stingray, you might have been on to something.
"While the photo is genuine and there's no denying that this is a huge stingray, the stingray in the photo was never weighed," University of Nevada, Reno conservation biologist Zeb Hogan said. He is lead researcher for the "Megafishes Project," a joint venture with the National Geographic Society which aims to find, study, and protect the world's largest freshwater fish.
News of the catch spread quickly. However, contrary to initial media reports, it is unknown if this fish, which was tagged and released in central Thailand on January 28, 2009 as part of the National Geographic expedition, is truly the world's largest freshwater fish, he said. The fish, caught by volunteer angler Ian Welch from a small boat using a rod and reel, will be featured in an upcoming documentary airing on the National Geographic Channel.
They later caught the same fish, Hogan said. "It's still hasn't been weighed so it still isn't known if it's a record breaker. We estimated the weight based on previous catches and simple 'back-of-the-envelope' calculations."
Hogan, along with his team of researchers and anglers on site at the time of capture, approximate the fish's weight to be between 550-770 pounds. An even slightly larger fish than the one tagged would almost certainly be a world record freshwater fish, he said.
"In terms of disk width, this is the second largest stingray I've seen, the largest was in Cambodia in 2003," Hogan said. "This recent fish was very thick, so it may have weighed more."
The big winged fish was caught the second time about four kilometers from the original site by local anglers who work with his team. Researchers immediately released it. The find could mean that the ray population is smaller, or less migratory, than originally believed. The tagging, tracking and sometime recapturing are how biologists estimate abundance of fish populations, Hogan said. Biologists continue to track the big fish's movements using an array of underwater listening devices designed to detect tagged fish.
Hogan and his team have tagged 18 stingrays of this kind (Himantura chaophraya) as part of the recently established research project on the stingray in central Thailand for the University of Nevada, Reno, the Thai Department of Fisheries, the sport-fishing company Fishsiam and the National Geographic Society sponsored Megafishes Project. This ray is listed as vulnerable to extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
If he can get more funding for the project, Hogan hopes to eventually tag 40-50 stingrays for the research study, the first ever ecological study of the giant freshwater stingray which was discovered only 20 years ago. Freshwater giant stingrays are among the largest rays. They can be found in a handful of rivers in Southeast Asia and northern Australia.
"We aim to determine its conservation status, its abundance, its maximum size, whether or not it's a true freshwater species, whether or not regional populations interact and its migratory patterns and critical habitat," he said.
"It's clear that this species of giant freshwater stingray has the potential to be the largest freshwater fish in the world," Hogan said. The current record holder for world's largest freshwater fish is a 646-pound Mekong giant catfish caught by fishermen in northern Thailand in 2005.
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